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Latest Articles
Roztocze - the Trail... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

photo (zakapior)
* Radruż - 16th century
    In this scenic village located near the Polish-Ukrainian border, the most beautiful and valuable Orthodox church complex in Poland is found. Standing between lime trees the wooden Orthodox church of St. Parascheva build in 1583 is the oldest historical monument of such type in Poland. It has a typical structure of interlocked fir and oak logs erected on an elongated layout dividing the building into three main parts, which is an arrangement characteristic to Ukrainian Orthodox churches. The largest part is the right nave, towered by a  four-wall dome built using notched joints. In 1648, the interiors were decorated with polychrome, which together with panel icons comprised an original iconostasis. Next to the church, there is a large wooden bell tower and a brick fortified house of the cleric. The entire complex is surrounded by a stone wall. On a nearby hill, there is a historical cemetery with characteristic limestone crosses, which were made in stonemason workshops operated until World War II in the nearby village of Stare Bruśno.
   After the relocation of Ukrainian Geek Catholic citizens in 1947, the church ceased to play its liturgical function and no service is now provided there. It currently has a role of a museum with a local atmosphere.
Zakapior, Bohdan Zhukiewicz
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz

 * Borchów - 1781
* Cewków - 1840
* Chotylub - 1888
* Gorajec - 1586
* Kowalówka - 18th

* Nowe Brusno - 1676
* Stare Oleszyce - 1787
* Tomaszów Lubelski - 1627 - Church Roman-Catholic
* Tarnogród - 1600 - Church Roman-Catholic


Pogórze Przemyskie - the Trail... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

photo (zakapior)
* Chotyniec
- 1600
    The Greek Orthodox church under the invocation of the Birth of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary which was erected in approximately 1600. Initially, it may have been or even three cupolas. Above the "babiniec" (a church vestibule where women beggars used to sit and beg), the chapel under the invocation of the Annunciation with exterior galleries could be found. This Orthodox church underwent a number of renovation  and substantial remodeling in the years including 1733, 1858 and 1925. The icons ornamental polychromes from 1735 and 1772, and iconostas, the dating of which is given as approximately 1671, have been well-preserved within its interiors. Complete renovation of the structure was carried through in the years 1991-1992.
translated by JustynaB

Kruhel Wielki - Przemyśl - 1630
 * Medyka - 1607 - Parish Church
* Leszno - 1737
* Kuźmina - 1814
* Roztoka - 1822
* Wojtkowa - 1910
Liskowate - 1832


Bieszczady - the San Valley Route (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

* Beniowa

photo Jan, (zakapior, bo)
* Smolnik - 1791
    The Unit church under the invocation of St Michelangelo which was erected in 1791 (a Roman Catholic
church since 1973). The church, following its dereliction in 1951, was restored to its original state in 1961.
    Inside, its figural polychromes from the late 18th century has been preserved. This structure is one of the very few preserved exemplifications of threefold coupled Orthodox churches in the area of south-cast Poland, characteristic of Bojkowie country, "destroyed" throughout this region after 1947.
translated by JB

* Chmiel - 1904

* Lutowiska


Bieszczady (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

* Ustianowa Górna - 1792

 * Równia - 1792
* Hoszowczyk
* Krościenko
* Brzegi Dolne
* Jałowe
* Hoszów
* Rabe - 1858
* Żłobek - 1858
* Czarna - 1834
* Bystre - 1902
* Michniowiec - 1863-1868

* Równia - the Uniat church 17th century
 The unit church under the invocation of the Pokrow of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary (a Roman Catholic church since 1976) which was most presumably erected in the early 18" century, renovated in 1792, the 19" century and 1975. The unit church was abandoned in 1951. This structure is one of the very few preserved exemplifications of threefold copulated unit churches in the area of south-cast Poland.
translated by JR

photo (bo, zakapior)


Komańcza - the Osława's Valley Route (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)


   The former Unit church under the invocation of Our Lady which was erected in 1802; at present an Orthodox daughter- church. A gate-belfry was built in 1834, and this was followed by the addition of a sacristy in 1836. It has been renovated extensively. The iconostas dating from 1832 has been retained of its earlier furnishings and decorations. A very characteristic feature is its location at the extension of the sanctuary on the axis along the church. The Unit church in Komańcza along with its belfry are typical exemplifications of the East Łemkowie (so-called "Osławski") sacral architecture.

photo Antoni Hadała


Bieszczady - the Osława's Valley Route (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

* Turzańsk - 1801-1803

    The wooden Orthodox Church filial church of St Michael Archangel. Before the war it used to function as the Greek Catholic parish. The church concerned as one of the most beautiful churches in Poland was built in 1801 - 1803. Two sacristies added on the northern and southern sides of the chancel and the extremely tall detached tower-belfry regarded as the tallest detached belfry in the Polish Carpathians are the characteristic elements of the church. The tower was built in 1817. Inside of the church is located precious iconostasis dated from the first half of the 19thc. The late baroque side altars are dated back to the same period.

 Morochów - 1402
* Szczawne - 1888-1889
Rzepedź - 1842
* Wisłok Wielki - 1850-1854
* Radoszyce

translated by JB

photo Antoni Hadała, Paweł Rut, Bohdan Zhukiewiz, (bo, zakapior)

Bieszczady - church a Roman Catholic,
The Hoczew Valley Route,
* Średnia Wieś

photo (zakapior)


... the Ecumenical Culture Centre /ECC/... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)


   The area comprising the south - eastern region of Poland (with parts of the Małopolskie and Podkarpackie provinces), the north - eastern region of the Slovakian Carpathians and part of Ukraine, has long fascinated people with its mosaic culture typical of borderland areas. Here the Catholic Latin West met the Byzantine Orthodox East. This has always been an area of diverse ethnicities.

   The meeting of the two civilizations initially resulted in mutual isolation. It was particularly intense on religious ground, on account of reciprocal dislike of the western and eastern churches. This found reflection in clear differences in religious painting and architecture; Catholic churches were modeled after Roman basilicas (two - part structures with a single - or multi - aisle body and a presbytery), whereas religious architecture of Ruthenia was based on Byzantine tradition with its typical three - part layout.
   However, with time, and especially in the modern era, the two cultures started to blend, which left traces in the beautiful architecture of wooden churches of both rites. A typical for the Polish - Ukrainian frontier phenomenon of Latinization of Greek Catholic churches occurred and Latin churches started following eastern models.
   With the intense settlement in the highlands of Poland and Slovakia between the 14th and 17th centuries, and particularly in the 16th c., Orthodox Ruthenians and Wallachians appeared. That shepherd community later became settled, forming the well - known ethnographic groups of Lemkos and Boykos.
Worked out by Bohdan Zhukiewicz
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz
photo (zakapior)


Podkarpacie N (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

 * Cmolas - 1674
* Poręby Dymarskie - 1656-1660
* Krzeszów - 1727-1728
* Ulanów - 1643
* Ulanów - 1690


Ethnographic regions... Kolbuszowa... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

Bohdan Zhukiewicz (photo Paweł Rut, Bohdan Zhukiewicz, zakapior)
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz

Welcome to the Folk Museum in Kolbuszowa,

- is lovely situated on the edge of town of Kolbuszowa. Collected exhibits originate from the ancient Sandomierz Forest located in the fork of the  Vistula and San rivers, and from the river basin of the Wisłok which was inhabited by two ethnographic groups - Lasowiak people and Rzeszowiak people. About sixty large and small objects of rural wooden architecture are located in the area of 29 hectares, partly covered by wood. Apart from buildings, surrounded by gardens, the collection comprises equipment, tools and implements serving the householders in their work and everyday life. Among the most interesting buildings are: a group of wind-mills, the water-mill, the school and the country inn. The Museum is constantly enriched with new objects and articles of folklore increasing ethnographic and touristic value of the Ethnographic Park.

photo Paweł Rut


Podkarpacie S (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

 * Chłopice - 1761
* Kosina - 1737
* Krzemienica - 1750-1754
* Siennów - 1676

* Nowosielce - 1595
The parish church under the invocation of St Maria Magdalena which was built in 1595. The structure, surrounded by  a fortification system, served the purpose of a bastion, successfully strengthening against the Tatar invasion of 1624. Its tower was most presumably erected in the 18" century. Renovated in the years including 1871-1877, 1903 and 1983-1985. The tower basement was reconstructed by removing a part of its concrete floor and appending a stone vestibule with counter forts en its quoins. The church was still erected in the Gothic tradition strong and pervading especially in the area of southern Poland.
translated by JB

photo (zakapior)


Ethnographic regions - The open-air museum in Sanok (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

photo (zakapior)

From 1947 four ethnographic groups existed on the area of south-east Poland: the Bojkos and the Lemkos (Ukrainian groups), Dolinianie - the valley inhabitants - (group which has Polish and Ukrainian features) and Pogorzans (Polish group). Among this last group there was so called  Ukrainian island created by Zamieszańcy, that is inhabitants of 9 Ukrainian villages near Krosno, separated from the rest dense Ukrainian area with a strip of Polish settlement. Although, all above mentioned groups occupied piedmont and mountainous region, they differed in character of economy from one another (The Bojkos and the Lemkos - agriculture with a huge share of farming, Dolinianie and Pogorzans – definitely agricultural character). This diversity had fundamental influence on character of material culture (architecture, dress), spiritual culture (family and annual ceremonies) as well as on many other elements of everyday life.
Zakapior (photo zakapior)
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz


Ethnographic regions... sacral buildings (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

Sierakośce, district: Przemyśl
The Church belfry (1712)

The museum of folk architecture in Sanok

The Church from Bączal Dolny

- under the invocation of St. Nicolas the Wonder-Worker from 1667 from Bączal Dolny near Jasło in the Ethnographic Park is situated on a little eminence in the East Pogorzans section.

The Orthodox Church from Rosolin
- under the invocation of St. Onufrius the Hermit from 1750 from Rosolin can be found in An open Air Museum in Sanok in the Bojkos section.

The Orthodox Church from Grąziowa
- under the invocation of the Nativity from Grąziowa is now situated in the Ethnographic Park in the Bojkos section.
Zakapior (photo zakapior)
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz

Ropki, distict: Gorlice
The Greck-Catholic Church (1801)

photo (zakapior)


Ethnographic regions... Sanok (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

The cottage (1906)
   The dwelling accommodation with a main room (izba), located in the centre between a hall and a storeroom. At the back of the hallway a small kitchenette was set up. In front of the cottage there is a bridge, which provides access to the storeroom. The interior is from the period between the World Wars, There is a stove for cooking directly on the fire, rebuilt from a chimneyless stove, and a table with a storage box and a movable table - top. In the kitchenette imported Slovak ceramics.

Zakapior (photo zakapior)
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz

Skorodne, district: Ustrzyki Dolne


Sanok - Mrzygłód - Dubiecko - the San Valley Route... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)


photo (zakapior)
This place was called Tyrawa (Królewska) usual the 16th century.
translated by JB

* Piątkowa - 1732

 * Bachórzec - 1760
* Obarzym - 1828
* Dydnia - 1917
* Jabłonka

* Łodzina - 1743
* Dobra - 17th
* Hłomcza - 1837
* Tyrawa Solna - 1837
* Siemuszowa - 1841
* Hołuczków - 19th

* Ulucz - 1510-1517
The Historical Museum in Sanok
   The Unit church under the invocation of the Ascension of Jesus  Christ (initially a monastery church) which was built according to tradition, in the years 1510 - 1517 (the dendrochronological research, however, suggests the middle of the 17th century) and is closely associated with the earlier existing defensive monastery of the Brazilians Abandoned after 1947. It was renovated and reconstructed in the years 1960 - 1964, at present a branch of the MBL in Sanok. This Brazilian temple still remains one of the few wooden. Unit churches to have been preserved, so offering insight into the oldest sacral architectures.


The health resort in Rymanów Zdrój (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

Rymanów Zdrój

   The health resort in Rymanów was established in the second half of the 19th century on account of the discovery of mineral waters in 1876. In  1881 this health resort officially opened its door to the public. Guest houses and residential hotels, bathing cabins, pavilions, and a new park sprung up in no time at all. In 1885 the very first domestic therapeutic camp was organized for children. The health resort in Rymanów Zdrój was damaged to a significant extent at the time of World War II. The majority of the structures that have been preserved are wooden buildings, the architecture of which was modeled and shaped to a vast extent on Tyrolean style, as was the care with some of the other Galician health resorts in the 19th century.
Worked out by Zakapior
translated by JB
the Maria villa 1886 "Pod Matką Boską"
photos (arch, bo, zakapior)


Lutcza - Krosno - Czerteż - the Trail... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

   The Wooden Architecture Routeleads through the Silesia, Malopolska and Podkarpacie regions in south and southeast of Poland. It is 3037 km long and includes 448 buildings of which 9 trails (of the total length of 1202 km) and 127 buildings are in Podkarpacie. The wooden huts, churches, mansions and open-air-museums visited along the way represent various historical periods, local traditions and cultural influences and as such offer an unprecedented diversity of styles. The most interesting are churches in Haczów and Blizne included in the World Heritage UNESCO List. The route is possibly the only such tourist attraction in Europe.
translated by JB

* Lutcza - 15th century
* Bonarówka - the Uniat church 17th century
 * Domaradz - 15th
* Humniska - 15th
* Jurowce - the Uniat church 1873
Czerteż - the Uniat church
Jasienica Rosielna
 Krosno - 15th

look here photo galleries the trail of wooden architecture

* Blizne - a 15th century church.
    The village is the site of All Saints church, built in the 15th or 16th century. This is one of the six Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland, on the UNESCO list  of World Heritage Sites since 2003.The church was built from larch wood in the Gothic style. The church was surrounded by a number of huge trees. Formerly, the building was also surrounded by the defensive rampart  and it was located in the middle of  Stobnica backwater. In 1623 Tatars invaded Blizne, but surprisingly for them  the village inhabitants managed to prevent them  form destroying the village. Since then, Tatars stayed away form Blizne. In 1966 the village celebrated 600 anniversary of the Parish Establishment.

Haczów - the gothic wooden church
    The church is one of the oldest and biggest  wooden church  in Poland. What is more worth to mention the church is  considered to be the oldest wooden church around the world. Haczów used to be a royal property located on the both sides of the Wisłok River. Polish king Kazimierz the Great was one who was responsible for the village settlement (1360). The Act of settlement was rectified  in 1388 by Wladyslaw II Jagiełło. Also, in the same year the first roman catholic parish was established.
   The idea of the church’s building  is usually  connected with Queen Jadwiga (Jagiełło’s wife). The historian’s researches have shown that the church was built in 14c.
translated by JB

photo (bo, zakapior)


The health resort in Iwonicz Zdrój (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

Iwonicz Zdrój

   Iwonicz Zdrój is one of the oldest Polish health resorts, cited in as early as the 16th century. Yet the chief founding father of this health resort  was Karol Załuski, who, in 1837, proceeded to rebuild it. The very centre of the health resort comprises a well-preserved spatial arrangement and a wooden building complex which is relatively uniform in style and of unique historical merit. The majority of its structures were established in the second half of the 19th and early 20th century. A number of structures from the first half of the 19th century have also been preserved. This architecture constitutes a synthesis of the so-called Swiss style and the Late-classicist mainstream of native Polish architecture. In its later phase Secessionist elements with varied forms of carpentry and folk building intertwine therein.

Worked out by Zakapior
translated by JB
photos (arch, zakapior)


From Beskid Niski (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

Bohdan Zhukiewicz
photo Zakapior

Osiek - 1419
   The Roman-Catholic parish church of the transfiguration was built around 1419. About 1640 the church was substantially altered and extended (e.g. the tower and bell tower were added to the church’s west wall). The interior is decorated with 19th-century neo-baroque wall paintings. The church has a basilica-type layout rare in sacred wooden architecture.

 * Krempna -1778
* Kotań - 18th
* Świątkowa Mała - 1762
* Świątkowa Wielka
* Chyrowa - 1780
* Olchowiec


Trześniów, Julin, Dydnia... (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

   A manor complex comprising a wooden manor house and  granary, a brick outbuilding as well as a landscape park which was most presumably built in the first half of the 19th century. The landscape park was located to the cast and south of the manor in the southern part of which there were two pored. The manor bas a wooden frame construction set on a stone foundation. A wooden granary from the first half of the 19th century is also a part of the complex.
translated by JB

The entailed estate of the Potocki family in Julin
   Te Hnting Palace complex in Julin was erected by the Second Heir of Łańcut, Alfred Potocki. The building of the  complex was completed in 1880. In 1927 the mansion was extended upon, and then a year later so was the kitchen. The complex comprises the following the hunting palace, servants quarters otherwise referred to as "dyrektorówka" or "adiunktówka", the kitchen building and ice generator (freezer). Located in the heart of the complex, the so-called Tyrolean-Swiss style. The complex has served the purpose of Museum-Castle in Łańcut since 1996.
translated by JB
   The larch palace on the occasion of the arrival of the Austrian archduke Rudolf. When the castle belonged to the Potocki family, many dignified guests from all over the world visited it. A kitchen, a pavilion, a cellar - a cold room remained from that period. Also the architecture of the hunting palace in a Swiss style is preserved.
translated by Joanna Hardukiewicz

The vicarage from Dydna
   The vicarage was erected in approximately 1917 according  to the design of the architect Bogdan Treter. It is an exemplification (next to the wooden church in Jabłonka) of one of the most attractive structures to be built in the so-called "Zakopiański" (Highlander) style in the Podkarpackie Voivodeship.
translated by JB
Worked out by Zakapior

photos (bo, zakapior)


Pokarpacie W (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

 * Lubla - 15th
* Gogołów - 15th
* Święcany - 1520

* Trzcinica - 15th

   The parish church under the invocation of St Dorothy which  is presumed to have been erected close to the end of the 15™ century. A tower-belfry was built on to the nave, on the west side thereof, in the very late 16™ century. It was renovated and partially modified in the early 19™ and 20™ century. Its interiors are gilded with renaissance polychrome from approximately the middle of 16™ century and mannerist polychrome from about the mid 17™ century. The church is one of the oldest of wooden framework type, with a special roof construction, warranting uniform mounting of its roof ridge.
Bohdan Zhukiewicz, Zakapior
translated by JB


The Carpathian museum at Trzcinica. (Way of Wooden Architecture from Roztocze, Podkarpacie, Bieszczad)

Bohdan Zhukiewicz
translated by Justyna Rymarowicz

The Carpathian Troy Open-Air Archaeological Museum At Trzcinica.

   In 1998 the archaeological discoveries we had made at Trzcinica gave rise to an idea to establish an archaeological open-air museum here.

photo Mieczysław Kowal, Zakapior


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